Livia Orestilla

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Livia Orestilla
Livia Orestilla.jpg
Livia Orestilla from "Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum
Empress of the Roman Empire
ReignA few days in 37 or 38
PredecessorLivia Drusilla
SuccessorLollia Paulina
SpouseGaius Calpurnius Piso, then Emperor Caligula
Full name
Livia Orestilla

Livia Orestilla, or Cornelia Orestilla [1] was the second wife of the Roman Emperor Caligula in AD 37 or 38.

She was originally married to Gaius Calpurnius Piso (who was later involved in a conspiracy to overthrow the emperor Nero in AD 65).[2] However, Piso was persuaded or forced to annul the marriage so that Caligula could marry her. According to both Dio and Suetonius, this occurred during Piso and Orestilla's wedding celebrations. Suetonius claims that Caligula issued a proclamation the next day that he had acquired a new wife in the tradition of Romulus and Augustus, who had both stolen wives from other men. Orestilla was apparently an unwilling Empress, and remained loyal to her first husband.[3] On the next day Caligula divorced Orestilla; however, he also prohibited her from returning to her relationship with Piso .

Later both Orestilla and Piso were banished for adultery to a distant island. Piso returned to Rome, one year later, after Caligula’s assassination.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Dio Cassius. "8.7". Roman History. 59. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  2. ^ Suetonius. "Life of Caligula, 25.1". Lives of the Twelve Caesars. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  3. ^ Winterling, Aloys. (2011). Caligula : a biography. Schneider, Deborah Lucas., Most, Glenn W., Psoinos, Paul. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 67. ISBN 9780520943148. OCLC 747413936.
Royal titles
Preceded by
Livia Drusilla
Empress of Rome
37 or 38
Succeeded by
Lollia Paulina