|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|104 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||104 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||650|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXXIII dynasty, 220|
|- Pharaoh||Ptolemy X Alexander, 4|
|Ancient Greek era||169th Olympiad (victor)¹|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||丙子年 (Fire Rat)|
2593 or 2533
— to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
2594 or 2534
|Coptic calendar||−387 – −386|
|Ethiopian calendar||−111 – −110|
|- Vikram Samvat||−47 – −46|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2997–2998|
|Iranian calendar||725 BP – 724 BP|
|Islamic calendar||747 BH – 746 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2015 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||208/209 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||439–440|
23 or −358 or −1130
— to —
24 or −357 or −1129
Year 104 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Marius and Fimbria (or, less frequently, year 650 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 104 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Rome enacts a state of emergency, as the way to Italy lays open to the Germanic invaders. Gaius Marius, the conqueror of Jugurtha, is elected consul for the second time. He celebrates his triumph over Jugurtha, who is led in the procession and thrown into the Tullianum where he dies of starvation.
- Second Servile War: Athenion starts a slave rebellion in Segesta (Sicily).
- Emperor Wu of Han maintains large armies of occupation and burdens the Chinese economy. Landowners expand their holdings, but farmers are forced to borrow at usurious rates and pay 50 percent of their crops as rent. Homelessness and banditry increases, and agricultural productivity declines.
- Sima Qian starts writing his Shiji.
- Dong Zhongshu, Chinese scholar who promoted Confucianism at the central court of the Han Dynasty (b. 179 BC)
- Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, Roman consul and general
- John Hyrcanus, prince and high priest of Judea (b. 164 BC)
- Jugurtha, king of Numidia (execution by Rome) (b. c. 169 BC)
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